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작성자 편집국 작성일23-07-07 23:00 댓글0건








Speech to the Teaching Staff\and Students

of the Central Party School under

the Workers’ Party of Korea

June 18, 1952



  In\order to strengthen the Party we had to combat other serious drawbacks, too. Some Party\organizations, not knowing how to conduct their work with the masses, alienated them rom the Party rather than rallying them around it,\and revealed a bureaucratic tendency by\ordering people about\and coming down hard on them instead of\organizing, encouraging\and educating them.

  Some Party\organizations\and officials acted for the government bodies rather than strive to build up the hard cores of the Party\and strengthen\and develop the Party\organizations with the main stress on their restoration\and consolidation. As a result, both the Party work\and the work of the government bodies made a poor showing.

  There were also Right\and “Left” errors at first in the struggle against the reactionaries. In an attempt to take revenge, some people tried in most cases to confiscate the properties of those who had joined the reactionary\organizations\and finish them off indiscriminately. Such a “Left” action was tantamount to playing into the hands of the enemy in the work of wiping out the reactionaries. During his occupation of the northern half, the insidious enemy formed the “peace maintenance corps”\and other reactionary\organizations\and deliberately caused numerous people to commit crimes against the Workers’ Party.  In doing so the enemy calculated that the Workers’ Party, when it returned, would not trust them\and that consequently, the masses would split off.

  Therefore, the Party took measures to rectify the “Left” deviations committed by the Ministry of the Interior, Ministry of Public Security\and local Party\organizations in the struggle against the reactionaries. Our Party followed the policy of isolating only the instigators\and wicked elements among those who had participated in the reactionary\organizations, bringing over to our side again those who had been used as tools.

  By isolating the handful of instigators\and wicked fellows\and generously allowing their followers to return to our side, we made it possible for those still in hiding to surrender themselves to justice of their own accord. But in doing so there has now appeared a Right tendency to bring even the instigators over to our side, claiming that they are “not guilty.” Such fellows will never turn round\and come over to our side.

  Our Party correctly laid down the line of struggle against the reactionaries\and timely criticized\and rectified the Right\and “Left” errors partly revealed in this struggle, thereby registering great successes in it.

  As you see, we scored considerable successes in the course of carrying out the major tasks put forward by the Party in 1951. These successes show that the  decision of the Third Plenary Meeting of the Party Central Committee\and the guidance given by its  Political Committee\and\organizational Committee were correct.

  On the basis of a careful study\and summarization of the work done in 1951, we have clearly defined the line of work for 1952.

  The central task of 1952 is to continue to strengthen the Party\and government bodies\and public\organizations\and further reinforce the People’s Army on the basis of last year’s successes. Only by so doing can we win final victory in the long-drawn-out war.

  Unless we strengthen the Party\and government\organs, public\organizations,\and the People’s Army we cannot hope to fight successfully\and, moreover, to win the prolonged war.

  What should be done to strengthen the Party\and government bodies? There is no special way here. For the consolidation of the Party\and government bodies we should get rid of the bureaucratic methods of work\and the ideological remnants of Japanese imperialism\and strengthen the ties with the masses in conformity with the message of our speech made at the Joint Meeting of People’s Committee Chairmen\and Leading Party Officials of Provinces, Cities\and Counties in February this year.

  In the February speech we stressed that every Party member should learn to\organize, rouse,\and educate the masses. Because our Party has not grown rom an  illegal underground party but has undergone a lawful  development with power in its hands ever since its  inception, our officials are largely apt to take the easy  line of giving\orders\and employing administrative methods in their work instead of going to the masses \and mobilizing them through persevering explanation \and persuasion. In\order to strengthen the Party, every Party member should\organize\and mobilize the masses; he should not break away rom the masses, nor\order them about\and bear down on them.

  If they are to have correct relations with the masses, the Party cadres\and every Party member should, first of all, strengthen their life in the Party cells, develop lively criticism\and thoroughly do away with bureaucratism\and the ideological remnants of Japanese imperialism. The thing is to carry out to the letter the decision of the Fourth Plenary Meeting of the Party Central Committee with regard to the consolidation of Party cells.

  The Party should strengthen its cells; the government\organ should strengthen the ri people’s committees;\and the army should strengthen the companies. The masses are to be found in the lower bodies,\and so unless such bodies at lower levels are strengthened the Party cannot take deep roots in the masses.

  If the Party fails to sink its roots in the masses, it can possibly crash in the wind like a tree with large spreading branches\and weak roots. Only when it has strong roots can it withstand the wind whatever direction it comes rom. If the Party only has a strong upper structure\and a weak foundation, it will not be able to withstand a severe test like a tree with shallow roots. If the Party cells, ri people’s committees\and primary bodies of the mass\organizations enhance their role, everything will go well.

  At present, however, if there are competent people at lower levels the higher\organizations\select them\and take them away rather than endeavor to consolidate the lower levels. My talks with peasants in Phyongwon County, South Phyongan Province revealed that if there is a competent person in a village who was a primary school graduate before liberation\and could become a hard core, he is\selected for appointment at county level. Because the higher bodies take away people like this rather than think about training people well\and dispatching them to the lower levels, the Party cells are left almost empty.

  On my visit to Wonhwa-ri, Tongam Sub- County, Taedong County, South Phyongan Province, I found that the ranks of cadres of the ri are poorly staffed.  The villagers had all been tenant farmers before\and so received their share of the land; it is a good village said to have been a model village before the war. It has only 70-odd homes\and has sent more than 70 persons to the People’s Army. There are now only old folk\and women left in the village. Of the women of this village many including the head of the Women’s\union\organization are working women who are clever\and diligent\and loyal to the Party. But both the chairmen of the Party cell of this village\and of the ri people’s committee are old people. True, they are good people, but they cannot be active because they are old. They are ardent supporters of the Party\and the Government of the Republic, but cannot educate, lead,\organize\and rouse the masses to good effect. By good people the Party does not merely mean meek, good-natured people. Those who can faithfully carry out the Party’s policies are truly good people.

  This spring we visited that village early in the morning without notice. When we called on the head of the ri Women’s\union\organization\and asked her how matters stood with the sowing, she answered: “We women folk can manage it ourselves all right, but we are really annoyed because the livestock breeding station\or something over there is making a mess of things. It has as many as 16 oxen but is almost starving them to death. It is greedily insisting on cultivating as many as 30 hectares of non-paddy fields, but they aren’t likely to manage that much.  Please teach those people a lesson.” Then she went on to say: “There is a certain producers’ cooperative over there,\and I’m sure they are merchants pursuing their own interests while cheating the state.” Upon examination, we really found them to be merchants. \and when I summoned the executives of the livestock breeding station, the head of the Women’s\union\organization fell on them vehemently with: “You’re responsible for the low production in our village.”  Then, she added: “Because a landlord fellow here was left with a free hand, this fellow has now gone to Pyongyang\and become the manager of a state-owned restaurant there. Why leave such a fellow alone? Even now I could go\and take him back.”

  As you see, they have many active women Party members who are infinitely loyal to the Party\and the Government, have a strong hatred for the enemy\and are straightforward. But the county Party committee does not take on such fine women as cadres, probably because they are women. I went to several other places\and found that the same was the case with all of them.

  Upon returning rom Wonhwa-ri, I gave my views on the matter: “The masters of the countryside are now women. It is necessary to admit many women to the Party\and train many of them as activists to play a leading role in the countryside.”

  In\order to strengthen the Party cells we should train the hard cores who know how to work among the masses\and how to educate,\organize\and mobilize them. A village without hard cores cannot carry on its existence.

  Have we, then, people who are eligible for hard cores? We have any number of such people. The question is to pick out such people\and educate them so that they can guide the masses.

  You should also proceed to the nearby Party cells\and train their hard cores, thereby making them qualified to skillfully\organize\and mobilize the masses. Then, these hard cores will in their turn train other Party members in the same way\and the roots of the Party will grow stronger step by step.

  In\order to strengthen the Party it is necessary, in a word, to consolidate the Party cells in accordance with the decision of the Fourth Plenary Meeting of the Party Central Committee\and to get rid of the ideological remnants of Japanese imperialism\and  bureaucratism according to the February speech;\and in\order to strengthen the government bodies it is necessary to put stress on the consolidation of the ri people’s committees. When the ri level bodies are strengthened, the work will go well even if the central authorities give instructions immediately to the ri, bypassing the intermediary stages such as sub-county\and county.

  In the People’s Army all efforts should be concentrated on the strengthening of the companies.  At present a widespread movement is afoot for the creation of model companies. When the companies become strong the whole army will be strong.  The strengthening of the Party, government\organs\and army depends on the strengthening of the Party cells, ri,\and companies. The public\organizations such as the Women’s\union\and the Democratic Youth League can also be strengthened but only if their primary\organizations are built up adequately.

  Now, it is urgent to raise the leadership level of the cadres of the administrative\and economic\organizations. At present the leadership level of the officials of the state\organs is generally low.

  What is important in raising the leadership level of the officials of state\organs is, above all, that they acquire the specialized knowledge needed in their particular fields of work. The leadership level of many officials is low precisely because they have no specialized knowledge. Some people read the History of the Communist Party of the Soviet\union allegedly to raise their theoretical level, but make little effort to acquire the professional knowledge of their particular fields. If you are to guide the work of the administrative\and economic bodies after finishing school, you should possess specialized knowledge. If you enter the service of the Ministry of Agriculture\and Forestry for example, you will not be able to guide the establishments under the ministry properly without having a knowledge of agriculture\and forestry.

  Our Party members should not simply be good persons. People often say, “This man is loyal to the Party because he is of worker\origin.” When asked, “What is his work ability?” they answer, “He is a good person, but his work ability is not great.” An incompetent man cannot be regarded as faithful to the Party. Only an able\and highly qualified man who correctly carries out the Party’s instructions is a faithful Party member, but a good-for-nothing who sits still cannot be regarded as such.

  When I ask some comrade to make an inspection trip to a stock farm, he goes\and has a look round\and returns, but when I ask him if he has any good suggestions to improve the work of the farm, he answers he has nothing special to suggest. This is because he has no professional knowledge. Our officials’ lack of professional knowledge is a serious drawback.

  Yet another official says, “I don’t know much about work because I’m of worker\origin,”\and makes hardly any endeavor to study. This is a gross mistake.  A man of worker\origin should study all the more diligently\and do his work so much the better.

  To acquire the professional knowledge needed in one’s own field of work is stipulated in the Party Rules, too, as a duty of Party members. At the Second Party Congress we added this provision to the Party Rules because it was a very important question. But many Party members make no endeavor to discharge this duty.

  The officials of all state\organs should make tireless efforts to acquire professional knowledge along with political knowledge.

  In\order to raise the work level of the officials of state\organs it is also important to do away with a lack of planning in their work.

  In the February speech, too, we stressed the need to carry on all work according to plan. Yet, state officials still fail to draw up plans\and check on their implementation. Working without a plan, you cannot hope for success. State officials should make it a point to plan,\organize, direct, check\and sum up work.

 \and Party\organizations should not act for government bodies but should always educate\and encourage government officials so that they display activity\and creative initiative.

  Further, I would like to remark on the tasks of our Party in the field of economic work.

  First, it is necessary to eliminate the irrational disposition of industries\and distribute them properly in the light of our war experience,\and further increase the production of war supplies through the development of the munitions industry.

  The factories\and enterprises set up mainly in the coastal areas previously by the Japanese imperialists to facilitate plunder, should be moved to places\where raw materials are available, places that are conveniently situated for transport\and supply to the people\and are safe rom the viewpoint of national defense, so that they can continue production even under wartime conditions.

  Second, serious attention should be paid to the work of further stabilizing\and improving the people’s standard of living.

  Third, proper preparations should be made rom now on to rehabilitate the war-ravaged industries\and lay the foundation for our country’s industrial development in the future. This poses the question of cadres, technicians, raw materials\and other materials.

  In rehabilitating the ravaged industries after the war\and laying the basis of industrial development in the future, the less urgent branches should be left till later on\and work should be started first on the urgent branches.

  For the implementation of this economic policy of our Party it is essential, first of all, to tap all the domestic resources\and manpower, economize more\and save more.\and the people should be encouraged to display more activity\and creative initiative\and to bravely pull through all difficulties\and hardships.


  Measures should be taken to make effective use of the aid rom fraternal countries while all domestic forces are mobilized. (continued)

[이 게시물은 편집국님에 의해 2023-07-07 23:03:36 새 소식에서 복사 됨]
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